What is a concussion?

A concussion is a form of a traumatic brain injury (mild TBI) induced by either a direct or indirect force to the head. However, in contrast to what is traditionally thought of as a TBI, a concussion does not result in structural damage to the brain. A concussion impacts the metabolism of the brain causing increased energy consumption.

A concussion is a bruise of the brain, right?

NO, a concussion is a neurometabolic injury meaning that following injury it takes more energy to do the same activity. This helps explain some of the common symptoms of lethargy or fatigue following a concussion. A bruise or bleed in the brain is a very serious, life-threatening injury.

Concussions only occur with a loss of consciousness, right?

NO, in fact less than 10% of concussions result in a loss of consciousness.

What are the common signs and symptoms of a concussion?

The most common symptoms associated with concussion include headache, dizziness, sensitivity to light or noise, irritability, lethargy, mental fogginess, and difficulty with concentration. In addition, other symptoms may include difficulty with balance, double vision, and ringing in the ears.

What do I do if my child sustains a concussion?

If a concussion suspected the first step is to remove that individual from activity and seek out a proper examination by a medical provider trained in concussion. Seek emergency medical attention if you observe any loss of consciousness, change in mental status, vomiting, unequal pupil size, abnormal personality change, difficulty to wake up, or worsening symptoms. If you need help scheduling an evaluation feel free to call 630-819-8384.

What should I do following a concussion?

Initially following a concussion rest is the best option, both cognitive and physical rest are generally advised. A majority of individuals (90%) will be completely asymptomatic within four weeks following a concussion. If you or someone you know has sustained a concussion and they are not recovering to your satisfaction the trained concussion experts at IMPACT Physical Therapy may be able to provide help.

IMPACT Physical Therapy’s Concussion Management Program Includes:

  • Musculoskeletal evaluation: Addressing possible contributing factors of the craniocervical complex and cervical spine toward post-concussive symptoms, including headaches and dizziness.
  • Sensory evaluation: Assessing an individual’s vestibular, visual, and somatosensory systems as well as their contributions toward balance and dizziness.
  • Oculomotor evaluation: Investigating the influence of dynamic vision and optokinetic stimulation toward symptoms of dizziness, difficulty with concentration, visual disturbance, and headaches.

How can physical therapy help after a concussion?

Most individuals will experience a sequela of progressive recovery following a concussion. The time frame for this cascade of healing can range from days to weeks. For those individuals whom are not following the typical course of recovery skilled intervention is advised. Physical therapists specifically trained in the management of concussion and post-concussion symptoms are available to help facilitate the healing process following injury. Contact us at IMPACT Physical Therapy Hinsdale to schedule a consultation today!